Effects of vitamin D and resveratrol on metabolic associated markers in liver and adipose tissue from SAMP8 mice
SAMP8 mice exhibit multiple metabolic characteristics associated with age, and it is a suitable candidate for researching aging associated metabolic dysfunction.Objectives:
We aimed to 1) explore how key metabolic markers will be altered in both liver and adipose tissue with aging in SAMP8 mice; and 2) how the combination of vitamin D (VD) with resveratrol (RSV) will affect aging associated metabolic impairment in liver and adipose tissue from SAMP8 mice.Methods:
SAMP8 mice and their control SAMR1 mice were divided into 5 groups, i.e. SAMR1, SAMP8, SAMP8 mice supplemented with VD, RSV and VD combined with RSV group, respectively. At the end of the intervention, glucose and insulin tolerance, p-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and amyloid precursor protein (APP), and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress markers in liver and adipose tissue, adiponectin secretion, p-NF-κBp65 and TNF-α protein expression in adipose tissue were determined.Results:
Compared to SAMR1 control, SAMP8 mice demonstrate impaired glucose tolerance and reduction in circulating adiponectin level; in the liver, SAMP8 mice have reduction in p-Aktser473, elevation in PTP1B and APP, p-eIF2α, GRP78 and p-JNK protein expression. In epididymal (EPI) fat, SAMP8 mice also have elevated p-Aktser473 and PTP1B compared to SAMR1 mice. In both epididymal (EPI) and subcutaneous (SC) fat, there were elevated ER stress markers, reduced p-AMPK and elevated APP, as well as elevated p-NF-κBp65 and TNF-α protein expression from SAMP8 compared to SAMR1 mice. In liver, the combined intervention significantly restored p-Aktser473, p-eIF2α and p-JNK protein expression. In both EPI and SC fat, the combined intervention is effective for reducing p-NF-κB p65 and TNF-α in both fat depot, while only partially reduced ER stress markers in SC fat. As for adiponectin, their combination is unable to reverse reduction in adiponectin level. Adiponectin secretion in SC fat from VD, RSV and VDRSV group were also significantly reduced compared to SAMR1.Conclusion:
The combined intervention might exert greater beneficial effects for reversing aging associated metabolic dysfunction in liver and adipose tissue from SAMP8 mice.