Addressing the challenges of sleeve gastrectomy in end-stage renal disease: Analysis of 100 consecutive renal failure patients

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Abstract

Background.

While previous studies have demonstrated short-term efficacy of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy in candidates awaiting renal transplantation, the combination of morbid obesity and end-stage renal disease presents unique challenges to perioperative care. We demonstrate how increasing experience and the development of postoperative care guidelines can improve outcomes in this high-risk population.

Methods.

Single-center medical records were reviewed for renal transplantation candidates undergoing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy between 2011 and 2015 by a single surgeon. Postoperative care protocols were established and continually refined throughout the study period, including a multidisciplinary approach to inpatient management and hospital discharge planning. The first 100 laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy patients were included and divided into 4 equal cohorts based on case sequence.

Results.

Compared with the first 25 patients undergoing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, the last 25 patients had shorter operative times (97.8 ± 27.9 min vs 124.2 ± 33.6 min), lower estimated blood loss (6.6 ± 20.8 mL vs 34.0 ± 38.1 mL), and shorter hospital duration of stay (1.7 ± 2.1 days vs 2.9 ± 0.7 days) (P < .01 each). Readmission rates, complications, and 1-year mortality did not differ significantly.

Conclusion.

Increasing experience and the development of clinical care guidelines in this high-risk population is associated with reduced health care resource utilization and improved perioperative outcomes.

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