Dihydromyricetin attenuated Ang II induced cardiac fibroblasts proliferation related to inhibitory of oxidative stress
Dihydromyricetin (DMY) is one of the most important flavonoids in vine tea, which showed several pharmacological effects. However, information about the potential role of DMY on angiotensin II (Ang II) induced cardiac fibroblasts proliferation remains unknown. In the present study, cardiac fibroblasts isolated from neonatal Sprague-Dawley rats were pretreated with different concentrations of DMY (0–320 μM) for 4 h, or DMY (80 μM) for different time (0–24 h), followed by Ang II (100 nM) stimulation for 24 h, Then number of cardiac fibroblasts and content of hydroxyproline was measured. The level of cellular reactive oxygen species, malondialdehyde (MDA), activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) were also evaluated. Expression of type I, type III collagen, α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), p22phox (one vital subunit of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase), SOD and thioredoxin (Trx) were detected with real time PCR or/and western blot. We found that pre-incubation with DMY (20 μM, 40 μM, 80 μM) for 4 h, 12 h or 24 h attenuated the proliferation of cardiac fibroblasts induced by Ang II. Expression of type I and type III collagen, as well as α-SMA were inhibited by DMY at both mRNA and protein level. DMY also significantly decreased cellular reactive oxygen species production and MDA level, while increased the SOD activity and T-AOC. DMY suppressed p22phox, while enhanced antioxidant SOD and Trx expression in Ang II stimulated cardiac fibroblasts. Thus, dihydromyricetin attenuated Ang II induced cardiac fibroblasts proliferation related to inhibitory of oxidative stress.