The purpose of this study was to examine the frequency and bilateral consistency of distolingual roots (DLRs) in permanent mandibular first molars (PMFMs) and root canal configurations in PMFPs (permanent mandibular first premolars) and to determine the correlation between the root canal configurations of PMFPs with the appearance of DLRs in PMFMs.Methods:
A total of 932 cone-beam computed tomographic images of PMFMs and PMFPs were collected from 233 patients. The frequency and bilateral consistency of DLRs in PMFMs along with root canal configurations (root number and canal number) of PMFPs were recorded and evaluated ipsilaterally and contralaterally. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between the root canal configurations of PMFPs with the appearance of DLRs in PMFMs.Results:
The prevalence of PMFMs with DLRs was 24.7%, and the incidence of complicated root canal configurations of PMFPs was 26.6%. The incidence of complicated root canal configurations of PMFPs was 19.6% in the non-DLR group, 37.2% in the unilateral DLR group, and 44.7% in the bilateral DLR group. After adjusting for categoric variables including sex, age, and side, the odds ratios for the frequency of complicated root canal configurations of PMFPs in the unilateral DLR and bilateral DLR groups compared with the non-DLR group were 2.472 (95% confidence interval, 1.434–4.263; P = .001) and 3.392 (95% confidence interval, 1.976–5.823; P < .001), respectively.Conclusions:
An increasing and corresponding trend between the presence of DLRs in PMFMs and complicated root canal configurations in PMFPs was noted in Taiwanese individuals. These results suggest that the clinicians should familiarize themselves with the anatomic variants of PMFMs and PMFPs before endodontic treatment.