Preliminary Study of Tirofiban Infusion in Coil Embolization of Ruptured Intracranial Aneurysms

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Abstract

BACKGROUND

There have been some reports on the use of intra-arterial tirofiban in ruptured intracranial aneurysms, but few studies have reported on the use of 24 h of intravenous tirofiban infusion in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage.

OBJECTIVE

To present our experience with intravenous tirofiban infusion, in the form of a monotherapy as well as in addition to intra-arterial tirofiban, as a prophylactic, and as a rescue management for thrombus in patients who have undergone embolization with coils for ruptured intracranial aneurysms.

METHODS

Between December 2008 and January 2015, we retrospectively reviewed 249 ruptured intracranial aneurysms that were treated with coiling at our institutions. A total of 28 patients harboring 28 ruptured and 3 unruptured intracranial aneurysms underwent intravenous tirofiban infusion during or after coil embolization of an aneurysm. Intra-arterial infusion of tirofiban via a microcatheter was also performed in 26 patients.

RESULTS

Thromboembolic formation during the procedure was detected in 25 cases. Intra-arterial tirofiban dissolved the thromboembolus under angiographic control after 10 or more minutes in 19 (76%) of 25 patients. Two intracranial hemorrhagic complications (increase in the extent of hematoma) occurred during the follow-up period. Two cases of other complications occurred: hematuria and perioral bleeding.

CONCLUSION

Intravenous tirofiban, as a monotherapy or in addition to intra-arterial tirofiban for thrombotic complications, seems to be useful as a treatment for acute aneurysm. However, alternatives to tirofiban should be considered if an associated hematoma is discovered before a patient receives a tirofiban infusion.

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