Midterm Outcomes After Infrapopliteal Interventions in Patients With Critical Limb Ischemia Based on the TASC II Classification of Below-the-Knee Arteries

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Abstract

Purpose: To analyze the relationship between the new TransAtlantic Inter-Society Consensus (TASC II) infrapopliteal classification and limb outcomes among patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI). Methods: A single-center retrospective study was performed on 166 consecutive CLI patients (mean age 71 years; 113 men) undergoing endovascular treatment of 244 infrapopliteal lesions from 2006 to 2013. Patient, procedural, angiographic, and limb outcomes were compared for the new TASC A/B vs C/D classification for infrapopliteal lesions. Binary restenosis was determined by a peak systolic velocity ratio >2.0 by duplex ultrasound on follow-up at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months. Results: Seventy-two (43.4%) patients had TASC A/B lesions, while 94 (56.6%) had TASC C/D patterns of infrapopliteal disease. Baseline demographics and tissue loss (93% vs 94%, p=0.59) were similar between the groups. TASC A/B lesions were shorter (53±35 vs 170±83 mm, p<0.001), less severely stenosed (77%±24% vs 93%±14%, p<0.001), had a larger target vessel diameter (2.9±0.5 vs 2.6±0.5 mm, p<0.001), and were less frequently chronic total occlusions (24% vs 64%, p<0.001) compared with the TASC C/D group. Three-year freedom from both amputation (85% vs 67%, p=0.02) and major adverse limb events (79% vs 61%, p=0.02) were significantly higher in the TASC A/B group. Technical success rates (95% vs 80%, p<0.001) and 1-year primary patency (58% vs 51%, p=0.04) were higher in the A/B group. Overall 3-year survival was similar between the groups (96% A/B vs 88% C/D, p=0.2). Conclusion: TASC C/D infrapopliteal lesions are associated with higher amputation and major adverse limb events rates and lower primary patency compared with TASC A/B infrapopliteal lesions. Further studies are needed to assess the association between TASC C/D infrapopliteal lesions and clinical outcomes in patients with CLI.

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