Safety and efficacy of pulmonary vein isolation using a surround flow catheter with contact force measurement capabilities: A multicenter registry

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Abstract

Introduction:

Pulmonary vein (PV) isolation is the cornerstone of catheter ablation in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Surround flow and contact force (CF) measurement capabilities might enhance procedure efficacy and safety. We report on the safety and midterm efficacy of a novel ablation catheter for PV isolation in patients with AF.

Methods and results:

Two hundred thirty-three consecutive patients (57 ± 11 years, 76% males, 51% with structural heart disease), referred for paroxysmal (157) or persistent (76) AF, underwent PV isolation by a surround flow catheter with CF measurement capability in four centers. Ablation was guided by electroanatomic mapping allowing radiofrequency (RF) energy delivery in the antral region aiming at PV isolation.

Methods and results:

Mean overall procedure time was 100 ± 42 minutes with a mean fluoroscopy time of 6 ± 5 minutes. Mean ablation time was 31±15 minutes; 99% of the targeted veins were isolated. The mean CF value during ablation was 13 ± 4 g. Intraprocedural early (30 minutes) PV reconnection occurred in 12% PVs, and all PVs were effectively reisolated. One pericardial effusion and five groin hematomas were reported. During a mean follow-up of 12 ± 6 months, 30 (12.9%) (10% paroxysmal AF vs. 18% persistent AF, P = 0.07) patients had an atrial arrhythmias recurrence.

Conclusions:

In this multicenter registry, RF ablation using a new surround flow catheter, with CF sensor, resulted as feasible, achieving a high rate of isolated PVs. Procedural and fluoroscopy times and success rates were comparable with other techniques with a low complication rate.

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