Pseudolaric acid B induces endometrial cancer Ishikawa cell apoptosis and inhibits metastasis through AKT-GSK-3β and ERK1/2 signaling pathways
Pseudolaric acid B (PAB) is the most active constituent extracted from the bark of Pseudolarix kaempferi, which has been used as an antifungal remedy in traditional Chinese medicine. It is reported to have cytotoxicity to many tumor cell lines. In this study, we investigated the effects of PAB against human endometrial cancer Ishikawa cells. We found that PAB inhibited Ishikawa cell proliferation, and induced cell apoptosis and G2/M phase arrest through a mechanism involving AKT-GSK-3β and ERK1/2 signaling pathways. PAB also suppressed the Ishikawa cell adhesion, invasion, migration, and colony formation ability by increasing the expression of E-cadherin, Ezrin, and Kiss-1, and decreasing the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 and vascular endothelial growth factor. Taken together, these data indicated that PAB can be expected to be a novel treatment agent for endometrial cancer therapy.