Hypoxia–reoxygenation (H/R) injury hepatocyte models were established to simulate the ischemia/reperfusion injury of transplanted organ. Through the study of the molecular mechanism of H/R on the F-actin damage of the liver cytomembrane, the mechanism of F-actin damage induced by ischemia and reperfusion was studied from the level of cell and molecule.
The hypoxic environment of cells in vitro was simulated by chemical hypoxia agent CoCl2. Liver cells were detected by MTT, H/R group was subdivided into 3 subgroups: H/R 2, 4, and 6 h. Changes of cell shape and the growth state, apoptosis, ultrastructural changes, and the changes in F-actin microfilament content were observed. Heat shock protein 27 (HSP27), Cofilin, and F-actin gene and protein levels were determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blot assay, respectively.
Cells showed circular adherence growth under normal circumstances, while the spindle cells and shedding cells were significantly increased in H/R groups. Apoptosis cells in H/R group were increased significantly with the extension of hypoxia time. The number of endoplasmic reticulum was decreased significantly in the H/R group, the mitochondrion hydropic was degenerated and the glycogen was disappeared. The F-actin fibers in the H/R group were disordered, the morphology of the fibers was obviously decreased, and the fluorescence staining decreased obviously (P < .05). The transcription and expression levels of HSP27, Cofilin, and F-actin were significantly lower than those in the control group (P < .05).
These results demonstrate that H/R can affect the correct assembly of F-actin microfilaments and weakens the normal cycle of F-actin microfilaments through inhibiting the protein expression and gene transcription of HSP27 and Cofilin in hepatocytes, thereby changing the skeleton of F-actin microfilaments.