The Effect of a New Angiographic Imaging Technology on Radiation Dose in Visceral Embolization Procedures

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Abstract

Purpose:

To evaluate the impact of a new angiographic imaging technology on radiation dose during visceral embolization procedures involving both fluoroscopy and digital subtraction angiography.

Material and Methods:

A retrospective analysis from a single-center consecutive series of patients was performed comparing 2 angiographic imaging systems. The AlluraClarity (CIQ; Philips Healthcare, Best, the Netherlands) was used in 100 patients (n = 59 male, mean age: 70.6 years) from July 2013 to April 2014 and compared to the former AlluraXper (AX) technology used in 139 patients (n = 71 male, mean age: 70.1 years) from May 2011 to June 2013. Patients were categorized according to body mass index (BMI [kg/m2])—group 1: BMI <25, group 2: BMI ≥25 and <30, and group 3: BMI ≥30. Fluoroscopy time, the total dose of iodinated contrast administered, and procedural AirKerma (Ka, r [mGy]) were obtained.

Results:

Mean BMI was 26.4 ± 5.0 kg/m2 in the CIQ and 26.4 ± 7.1 kg/m2 in the AX group (P = .93). Fluoroscopy time and the amount of contrast media were equally distributed. Ka, r was 1342.9 mGy versus 2214.8 mGy (P < .001, t test) when comparing CIQ to AX. Comparing CIQ to AX, BMI subgroup analysis revealed a mean Ka, r of 970.1 to 1586.1 mGy (P = .003, t test), 1484.7 to 2170.1 mGy (P = .02, t test), and 1848.8 to 3348.9 mGy (P = .001, t test) in BMI groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively.

Conclusion:

The CIQ technology significantly reduced mean radiation dose by 39.4% for visceral embolization procedures when compared to fluoroscopy time and contrast media dose. This dose relationship was consistent across all BMI groups.

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