Population with chronic kidney disease (CKD) has had many problems, and some of these have arisen from sexual disorders. The present study intends to determine the prevalence and the associated factors with erectile dysfunction (ED) among patients with CKD on conservative treatment (CKDCT). This transversal study was conducted from May 2013 to December 2015. The tools used were: medical records and the International Index of Erectile Function. Data were analyzed by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis. Among 245 patients that have participated of this study, ED was present in 71.02% and it was severe in 36.73%. Age greater than 50 years, body mass index lower than 25, diabetes mellitus, stages IV/V of CKD, cardiac conduction disturbances, benign prostatic hyperplasia, smoking, alcohol use, albumin < 3.5 g per 100 ml and creatinine clearance between 15 and 29 ml min-1 per 1.73 m2 were associated with ED. Time of CKD was the only variable associated with ED independent of the presence of other factors. ED prevalence in patients with CKDCT is high and it is severe in more than half of them. Several factors are associated with ED in this population but the principal one is the time of CKD.