Fracture Liaison Services

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Abstract

Purpose of review

The purpose of this review is to report the evidence of beneficial effects of Fracture Liaison Service (FLS) including data regarding their impact on subsequent fracture, mortality risk and cost-effectiveness. This review also discusses the limitations of these data and the challenges faced during the implementation of FLS.

Recent findings

Recent studies showed the beneficial impact of implementation of FLS on the prevention of subsequent fracture risk, reduced mortality and cost-effectiveness. However, heterogeneity of FLS models and small number of studies limited the conclusion about the impact of FLS on secondary fracture prevention.

Summary

Patients with osteoporosis-related fractures are at higher risk of subsequent refractures. These subsequent fractures are associated with increased morbidity and premature mortality. However, there is a gap between evidence-based recommendations for postfracture care and actual clinical practice. FLS care is recommended for the management of the prevention of secondary fracture. FLS implementation reduces the risk of subsequent fracture, but the level of evidence is low as the interpretation of data is limited by the number of studies and their heterogeneity. FLS care significantly reduces the postfracture mortality, especially in patients with hip fractures. FLS implementation is cost-effective compared with usual care. Additional studies (with large sample and long-term follow-up) are needed to assess the impact of FLS care on subsequent fracture risk.

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