Effect of Ambient Ozone Exposure Assessed by Individual Monitors on Nasal Function and Exhaled NO Among School Children in the Area of Thessaloniki, Greece

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Abstract

Objectives:

The study of short-term effects of environmental ozone exposure on nasal airflow, lung function, and airway inflammation.

Methods:

Ninety one children—47 underwent rhinomanometry—were included. The study was carried out during the 2013 to 2014 academic year. Activity questionnaires and personal O3 samplers were distributed and 1 week later, respiratory measurements were performed. Daily measurements of outdoor ozone were also considered.

Results:

A 10 μg/m3 increase in weekly personal ozone exposure concentrations was associated with a non-statistically significant 12.7% decrease in nasal inspiratory airflow (29.4% during the high ozone period). When the outdoor exposure of the same and the previous day were taken into account the corresponding figures were 13.48% and 43.58% (P = 0.02).

Conclusions:

There is an indication for increased risk of nasal obstruction during exposure to high ozone.

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