Can the Perioperative Anesthesia Care of Patients With Cancer Affect Their Long-term Oncological Outcomes?

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Excerpt

It is expected that by 2030, there will be 21.7 million new cancer cases and 13 million cancer-related deaths worldwide.1 According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the International Agency for Research on Cancer, cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States and around the globe.2,3 In adults 45 years or older, the prevalence of cancer is 6.7%, it increases to 15.8% in subjects 65 years or older, and it is the highest in those older than 75 years of age (21.8%).2 Surgery is still one of the primary treatments for cancers; in fact, the “Lancet Oncology Commission” called surgery as “one of the major pillars of cancer care and control.”4 If we take into consideration that pediatric and adult patients with cancer might need surgery at least once, to diagnose, initiate treatment, or palliate their disease, millions of subjects worldwide will be exposed to the unwanted physiological consequences of the surgical trauma itself (psychological or physical stress), pain, or the effects of perioperative drugs such as anesthetics and analgesics.
    loading  Loading Related Articles