Regional vascular density–visual field sensitivity relationship in glaucoma according to disease severity

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Abstract

Aims

To study whether there are global and regional relationships between peripapillary vascular density (pVD) assessed by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) and visual field (VF) mean sensitivity at different glaucoma stages.

Methods

Microvascular images and peripapillary retinal nerve fibre layer (pRNFL) thicknesses were obtained using a Cirrus OCT-A device in 91 glaucoma subjects. The pVD was measured at various spatial locations according to the Garway-Heath map, using a MATLAB software (The MathWorks, Natick, Massachusetts). VF mean sensitivity (VFMS) was recorded in the 1/L scale. Global and regional vasculature–function (pVD vs VFMS) relationships were assessed in separate patient groups at mild and moderate-to-advanced stages of glaucoma.

Results

The pVDs at superotemporal and inferotemporal regions were significantly associated with corresponding VFMS in mild glaucoma (p<0.05). In moderate-to-advanced glaucoma, there were significant associations between pVD and VFMS, regardless of location. The association between global pVD and VFMS was significantly stronger than that between global pRNFL thickness and VFMS in moderate-to-advanced stage glaucoma (p <0.05).

Conclusion

Global and regional pVD measured by OCT-A was significantly associated with corresponding VFMS in moderate-to-advanced glaucoma. OCT-A may be useful in monitoring glaucoma at various stages.

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