Fumonisin B1 (FB1) is one kind of mycotoxins that has the neurotoxicity, carcinogenicity, hepatotoxicity and immunotoxicity produced by the fungus Fusarium verticillioides, which commonly infects corn and other crops and is harmful to animal and human health upon consumption of FB1-contaminated feed or food. However, the mechanism of immunotoxicity, especially the immunosuppression induced by FB1 is still unclear. The most pivotal cells in the induction of immune responses are dendritic cells (DCs). In this study, we used murine bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDCs) as a model system to elucidate the effect of FB1 on the function of BMDCs through biological methods. We found that FB1 reversed the morphological changes and enhanced the endocytosis of FITC-dextran in LPS-treated BMDCs. At the same time, FB1 decreased the LPS-induced expressions of MHC II, CD80 and CD86 molecules in BMDCs (p < 0.05), as well as the T-cell stimulatory capacity of BMDCs (p < 0.01). Moreover, the secretions of IL-6, IL-10 and IL-12, but not TNF-α induced by LPS exposure were suppressed by FB1 in a dose dependent (p < 0.01). It was considered that the immunosuppressive effects of FB1 were mainly caused by changing the morphology and interfering with the process of antigen uptake, processing and presentation. The results highlighted that FB1 had the capacity to modulate the immune responses of BMDCs.