Inhibition of Mid-chain HETEs Protects Against Angiotensin II–induced Cardiac Hypertrophy
Recent data demonstrated the role of CYP1B1 in cardiovascular disease. It was, therefore, necessary to examine whether the inhibition of CYP1B1 and hence inhibiting the formation of its metabolites, using 2,4,3′,5′-tetramethoxystilbene (TMS), would have a cardioprotective effect against angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced cardiac hypertrophy. For this purpose, male Sprague Dawley rats were treated with Ang II with or without TMS (300 μg/kg every third day i.p.). Thereafter, cardiac hypertrophy and the formation of mid-chain HETEs and arachidonic acid were assessed. In vitro, RL-14 cells were treated with Ang II (10 μM) in the presence and absence of TMS (0.5 μM). Then, reactive oxygen species, mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphorylation levels, and nuclear factor-kappa B–binding activity were determined. Our results demonstrated that TMS protects against Ang II-induced cardiac hypertrophy as indicated by the improvement in cardiac functions shown by the echocardiography as well as by reversing the increase in heart weight to tibial length ratio caused by Ang II. In addition, the cardioprotective effect of TMS was associated with a significant decrease in cardiac mid-chain HETEs levels. Mechanistically, TMS inhibited reactive oxygen species formation, the phosphorylation of ERK1/2, p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase, and the binding of p65 NF-κB.