Smoking, psychiatric illness and the brain

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Tobacco smoking remains a leading cause of mortality and morbidity despite recent declines in prevalence. In 2012, global prevalence rates for tobacco smoking were estimated to be 31% for men and 6% for women.1 Rates of smoking are markedly higher among people with psychiatric illness than in the general population, estimated at being 2–5 times higher in patients with several disorders, including schizophrenia, mood disorders, anxiety disorders, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), binge eating disorder, bulimia and substance use disorders.
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