The Impact of Body Contouring Procedures on Urologic Outcomes in Massive Weight Loss Patients

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Abstract

Background:

Post–massive weight loss body contouring is a growing area of plastic surgery. Studies have shown preexisting urinary incontinence amelioration in patients undergoing abdominal body-contouring procedures. These studies are small, focus on cosmetic abdominoplasties, and lack use of standardized surveys. The purpose of this study was to evaluate urinary incontinence endpoints in massive weight loss patients undergoing body-contouring procedures.

Methods:

A retrospective review was conducted over a 6-year period. Patients excluded had previous body-contouring procedures or previously treated urinary incontinence. Participants completed validated surveys to catalogue preoperative and postoperative urinary habits. Patients were then subdivided based on presence of preoperative incontinence. Outcomes were compared within and between cohorts using the t test and chi-square test.

Results:

A total of 102 patients completed the survey. Of those, 44 had preoperative urinary incontinence. Patients with incontinence were found to be significantly older than those who did not. Postoperatively, patients with preoperative incontinence had significant decreases in incidence and severity of symptoms (p < 0.01, respectively), and significantly improved their quality of life (p < 0.02). Over 20 percent noted symptom resolution, and 67 percent were mostly or completely satisfied with the outcome.

Conclusions:

This study is the first to document amelioration of urinary incontinence symptoms in massive weight loss patients undergoing body-contouring procedures. It adds to the literature suggesting that abdominoplasties in select patients may improve incontinence symptoms. Future work will focus on evaluating the mechanism of this outcome and documenting improvement in an objective, prospective manner.

CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:

Therapeutic, IV.

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