Selecting risk scales for clinical practice
The Braden Scale for Predicting Pressure Sore Risk, Morse Fall Scale, Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) depression screen, and STOP BANG sleep apnea questionnaire are but a few of the screening tools for nurses to use in clinical practice. Risk tools or scales are designed to assist the nurse in assessing the potential for a particular adverse outcome. By examining the contributors, the nurse can target the risk to minimize negative outcomes. For example, nurses who use the Braden subscales can develop interventions to reduce overall pressure injury risk by analyzing the results. Although risk scales help improve care effectiveness, they must be based on solid evidence.