Usefulness of a Low Tube Voltage: Knowledge-Based Iterative Model Reconstruction Algorithm for Computed Tomography Venography

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The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of 80-kVp scans with knowledge-based iterative model reconstruction (IMR) for computed tomography venography (CTV).


This prospective study received institutional review board approval; a previous informed consent was obtained from all participants. We enrolled 30 patients with suspected deep venous thrombosis or pulmonary embolism who were to undergo 80-kVp CTV studies. The images were reconstructed with filtered back projection (FBP), hybrid iterative reconstruction (HIR), and IMR. The venous attenuation, image noise, and contrast-to-noise ratio at the iliac, femoral, and popliteal veins were compared on FBP, HIR, and IMR images. We performed qualitative image analysis (image noise, image contrast, image sharpness, streak artifacts, and overall image quality) of the 3 reconstruction methods and measured their reconstruction times.


There was no significant difference in venous attenuation among the 3 reconstruction methods (P > 0.05). On IMR images, the image noise was lowest at all 3 venous locations, and the contrast-to-noise ratio was highest. Qualitative evaluation scores were also highest for IMR images. The reconstruction time for FBP, HIR, and IMR imaging was 25.4 ± 1.9 seconds, 43.3 ± 3.3 seconds, and 78.7 ± 6.0 seconds, respectively.


At clinically acceptable reconstruction times, 80-kVp CTV using the IMR technique yielded better qualitative and quantitative image quality than HIR and FBP.

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