Primary Pulmonary Myxoid Sarcoma: A Newly Described Entity—Report of a Case and Review of the Literature

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Primary pulmonary myxoid sarcoma (PPMS) is a recently described, exceedingly rare low-grade lung sarcoma that tends to present in young females as an endobronchial mass and shows evidence of an EWSR1-CREB1 fusion. Herein, we present a case of PPMS with fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis for EWSR1 and CREB1 rearrangements. An 80-year-old woman presented with an endobronchial, multinodular tumor exhibiting spindle, ovoid and epithelioid cells arranged in reticular/lattice-like and alveolar-like patterns in a myxoid background. The tumor showed focal epithelial membrane antigen immunoreactivity as well as an Alcian blue–positive stroma that was sensitive to digestion with hyaluronidase. EWSR1 and CREB1 rearrangements were detected by break-apart FISH probes. The patient showed persistence of disease 36 months after diagnosis and was discharged to hospice care. We contribute with a report of an additional case of this very unusual entity and perform a brief review of the literature published so far on the subject.

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