The Impact of Proton Pump Inhibition on Dabigatran Levels in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation

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Abstract

Background:

Proton pump inhibition (PPI) administrated together with dabigatran reduces the risk of gastrointestinal hemorrhage. However, there is a discussion regarding possible PPI–dabigatran interaction that may reduce the efficacy of this therapy.

Study Question:

To determine the impact of concomitant PPI on dabigatran plasma levels in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NV-AF).

Study Design:

A pilot prospective study in patients with NV-AF on dabigatran therapy was performed; 31 patients were enrolled. PPI with either omeprazole or pantoprazole was administrated in 19 patients.

Measures and Outcomes:

Blood samples were taken for the assessment of the dabigatran trough and peak levels. Dabigatran concentration was measured with the Hemoclot Thrombin Inhibitor Assay.

Results:

There were significant differences in dabigatran trough level comparing patients treated with PPI and patients without PPI (58.86 ± 36.76 ng/mL vs. 110.72 ± 88.47 ng/mL, P < 0.05). Similarly, there were significant differences in dabigatran peak level between compared groups (88.0 ± 20.5 ng/mL vs. 174.4 ± 139.64 ng/mL, P < 0.05).

Conclusions:

This pilot study demonstrated the interaction between PPI and dabigatran levels in patients with NV-AF.

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