Long-term outcomes of cemented: A PROPENSITY SCORE-MATCHED ANALYSISversus: A PROPENSITY SCORE-MATCHED ANALYSIScementless humeral components in arthroplasty of the shoulder: A PROPENSITY SCORE-MATCHED ANALYSIS

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Abstract

Aims

In the initial development of total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA), the humeral component was usually fixed with cement. Cementless components were subsequently introduced. The aim of this study was to compare the long-term outcome of cemented and cementless humeral components in arthroplasty of the shoulder.

Patients and Methods

All patients who underwent primary arthroplasty of the shoulder at our institution between 1970 and 2012 were included in the study. There were 4636 patients with 1167 cemented humeral components and 3469 cementless components. Patients with the two types of fixation were matched for nine different covariates using a propensity score analysis. A total of 551 well-balanced pairs of patients with cemented and cementless components were available after matching for comparison of the outcomes. The clinical outcomes which were analysed included loosening of the humeral component determined at revision surgery, periprosthetic fractures, post-operative infection and operating time.

Results

The overall five-, ten-, 15- and 20-year rates of survival were 98.9%, 97.2%, 95.5%, and 94.4%, respectively. Survival without loosening at 20 years was 98% for cemented components and 92.4% for cementless components. After propensity score matching including fixation as determined by the design of the component, humeral loosening was also found to be significantly higher in the cementless group. Survival without humeral loosening at 20 years was 98.7% for cemented components and 91.0% for cementless components. There was no significant difference in the risk of intra- or post-operative fracture. The rate of survival without deep infection and the mean operating time were significantly higher in the cemented group.

Conclusion

Both types of fixation give rates of long-term survival of > 90%. Cemented components have better rates of survival without loosening but this should be weighed against increased operating time and the risk of bony destruction of the proximal humerus at the time of revision of a cemented humeral component.

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