Phase II study of S-1 plus bevacizumab combination therapy for patients previously treated for non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer.
To assess the efficacy and toxicity of S-1 and bevacizumab combination therapy for patients previously treated for advanced non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).METHODS
This was a prospective, multi-center, single-arm phase II study. Patients with non-squamous NSCLC who had experienced progression after cytotoxic chemotherapy were enrolled. Oral S-1 was administered on days 1-14 of a 21-day cycle, and bevacizumab (15 mg/kg) was given intravenously on day 1. Patients received S-1 adjusted on the basis of their creatinine clearance and body surface area. The primary endpoint was response rate (RR); secondary endpoints were progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), and safety.RESULTS
We enrolled 30 patients. One patient had never received platinum-based therapy. Five patients had activating mutations of the epidermal growth factor receptor gene, of whom four had received tyrosine kinase inhibitors before this study. The RR was 6.7% [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.8-21.3%], and the disease control rate (DCR) was 80% (95% CI 62.7-90.5%). Median PFS was 4.8 months (95% CI 2.7-6.4 months], and median OS was 13.8 months (95% CI 8.4 months-not applicable). Patients did not experience any Grade 4 toxicity or treatment-related death. Grade 3 hematologic toxicity (anemia) occurred in one patient (3.3%). The main Grade 3 non-hematologic toxicities were anorexia (10%), infection (10%), and diarrhea (6.7%).CONCLUSION
The addition of bevacizumab to S-1 was tolerable, but not beneficial for patients with previously treated non-squamous NSCLC. We do not recommend further study of this regimen.