Development of an Atypical Teratoid Rhabdoid Tumor in a Meningioma

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Abstract

We describe an atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumor (AT/RT) with a component of low-grade and anaplastic rhabdoid meningioma in a 7-year-old child. The AT/RT was uniformly negative for INI1 and displayed immunoreactivity for vimentin, P53, CD99, cytokeratins with AE1/AE3 antibodies, epithelial membrane antigen, β-catenin, smooth muscle actin, E-cadherin, and S-100 protein. AT/RT was continuous, with small foci of recognizable low-grade and anaplastic meningioma. The low-grade meningioma was INI1 positive with scattered INI1-negative nuclei, whereas the remaining tumor components were INI1 negative. A recurrent tumor 6 months after partial resection contained only INI1-negative AT/RT. This case supports the hypothesis that rare examples of AT/RT may emerge from a preexisting “parent” neoplasm as a result of a second hit mutation.

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