Aortoiliac Thrombosis Following Tranexamic Acid Administration During Urgent Cesarean Hysterectomy: A Case Report

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Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) contributes to 25% of maternal deaths worldwide. Abnormal placentation is a well-known culprit of PPH. Although controversial, iliac artery balloon occlusion has been used in patients to decrease bleeding. The use of antifibrinolytic agents, such as tranexamic acid (TXA), have gained popularity in the management of PPH. We present a 35-year-old parturient with placenta percreta that was managed with internal iliac artery balloon occlusion with concomitant use of TXA during urgent cesarean hysterectomy with subsequent aortoiliac thrombosis formation. The role of both TXA and arterial balloons in PPH, along with their respective limitations, are discussed.

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