Reoperative repair of descending thoracic and thoracoabdominal aneurysms†

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To evaluate the results of reoperation on descending thoracic and thoracoabdominal aneurysms.

METHODS

Sixty-nine consecutive patients undergoing reoperative aneurysm repair (20 descending thoracic and 49 thoracoabdominal) were compared to 602 contemporary primary repairs. Propensity matching was used to reduce observable differences in preoperative characteristics.

RESULTS

The reoperation group was younger (60.2 vs 65.3 years, P = 0.005) and less were extent I or II (28.6% vs 76%, P < 0.001). In the reoperation group, 82.6% were repaired with clamp-and-sew, 14.5% circulatory arrest and 2.9% partial bypass versus the primary surgery group 62.1%, 8.1% and 29.7%, respectively (P < 0.001). In the reoperation versus primary surgery group, respectively, spinal drainage was used in 73.9% vs 83.7% (P = 0.05), intercostal reimplantation in 11.6% vs 44.2% (P < 0.001), and cold renal perfusion in 36.2% vs 19.8% (P = 0.001). Operative mortality was comparable (8.7% vs 5.3% primary, P = 0.25) but the reoperative extent I subgroup had higher mortality (20% vs 3.1%; P = 0.04). Incidence of major complications was comparable (stroke 0 vs 0.9%, tracheostomy 5.8% vs 8%, renal failure 7.2% vs 5%, spinal cord injury 4.3% vs 2.7%; P > 0.05 for all variables), with the exception of myocardial infarction (2.9% vs 0.5%, P = 0.028). Five-year survival was 57.6% in reoperations and 58% in the primary surgery group (P = 0.878). No differences in the in-hospital and follow-up outcomes were found in the propensity matched comparison.

CONCLUSIONS

Reoperative repair of descending thoracic and thoracoabdominal aneurysms can be safely performed with reasonable in-hospital and follow-up outcomes compared to primary aneurysm repair.

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