Use of Resorbable Fixation System in Pediatric Facial Fractures

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Abstract

Introduction:

Resorbable fixation system (RFS) is an alternative to titanium in open reduction and internal fixation of pediatric facial fractures.

Methods:

This study retrospectively reviewed all medical records in a major metropolitan pediatric hospital in Cape Town, South Africa from September 2010 through May 2014. Inclusion criteria were children under the age of 13 with facial fractures who have undergone open reduction and internal fixation using RFS. Intraoperative and postoperative complications were reviewed.

Results:

A total of 21 patients were included in this study. Twelve were males and 9 were females. Good dental occlusion was achieved in all patients and there were no complications intraoperatively. Three patients developed postoperative implanted-related complications: all 3 patients developed malocclusions and 1 developed an additional sterile abscess over the right zygomatic bone. For the latter, incision and drainage was performed and the problem resolved without additional operations.

Discussion:

Resorbable fixation system is an alternative to titanium products in the setting of pediatric facial fractures without complications involving delayed union or malunion. The combination of intermaxillary fixation and RFS is not needed postoperatively for adequate fixation of mandible fractures. Resorbable fixation system is able to provide adequate internal fixation when both low-stress and high-stress craniofacial fractures occur simultaneously.

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