Novel Treatment Planning of Hemimandibular Hyperplasia by the Use of Three-Dimensional Computer-Aided-Design and Computer-Aided-Manufacturing Technologies

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Abstract

Rationale and Aim:

Hemimandibular hyperplasia is characterized by an obvious overgrowth in the size of the mandible on one side, which can extend up to the midline causing facial asymmetry. Surgical resection of the overgrowth depends heavily on the skill and experience of the surgeon. This report describes a novel methodology of applying three-dimensional computer-aided-design and computer-aided-manufacturing principles in improving the outcome of surgery in 2 mandibular hyperplasia patients.

Methodology:

Both patients had their cone beam computer tomography (CBCT) scan performed. CMF Pro Plan software (v. 2.1) was used to process the scan data into virtual 3-dimensional models of the maxilla and mandible. Head tilt was adjusted manually by following horizontal reference. Facial asymmetry secondary to mandibular hypertrophy was obvious on frontal and lateral views. Simulation functions were followed including mirror imaging of the unaffected mandibular side into the hyperplastic side and position was optimized by translation and orientation functions. Reconstruction of virtual symmetry was assessed and checked by running 3-dimensional measurements. Then, subtraction functions were used to create a 3-dimensional template defining the outline of the lower mandibular osteotomy needed. Precision of mandibular teeth was enhanced by amalgamating the CBCT scan with e-cast scan of the patient lower teeth. 3-Matic software (v. 10.0) was used in designing cutting guide(s) that define the amount of overgrowth to be resected. The top section of the guide was resting on the teeth hence ensuring stability and accuracy while positioning it. The guide design was exported as an .stl file and printed using in-house 3-dimensional printer in biocompatible resin.

Conclusion:

Three-dimensional technologies of both softwares (CMF Pro Plan and 3-Matic) are accurate and reliable methods in the diagnosis, treatment planning, and designing of cutting guides that optimize surgical correction of hemimandibular hyperplasia at timely and cost-effect manner.

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