Increased risk of ventricular tachycardia and cardiovascular death in patients with myocarditis during the long-term follow-up: A national representative cohort from the National Health Insurance Research Database
The incidence of acute myocarditis complicated with ventricular tachycardia (VT) is unknown. This study aimed to investigate the association between myocarditis and the incidence of VT and mortality. We also aimed to determine the independent predictors that increased the VT risk in those patients. From 2000 to 2004, 13,250 patients with a history of myocarditis were identified from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. The same number of individuals without heart disease with a matched sex and underlying diseases were selected as the control group. The long-term risks of life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias and mortality in patients with a history of myocarditis were investigated by an adjusted Cox proportional hazards regression. After a mean follow-up of 10.4 ± 2.94 years (interquartile range: 12, 10.19–12), the myocarditis patients showed a higher incidence of new onset VT events compared with healthy controls (5.4% [519 per 100,000 person-year] in the myocarditis group vs, 0.47% [43 per 100,000 person-year] in the healthy controls; adjusted hazard ratio [HR]: 16.1, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 12.4–20.9; P < .001). A higher incidence of cardiovascular death was noted in the myocarditis group than healthy controls (6.52% vs 3.18%; HR: 2.42, 95% CI: 2.14–2.73; P < .001) after adjusting for the multivariate confounders including sex, age, underlying comorbidities, and medications. The results of this study suggested that there was higher incidence of life-threatening VT and mortality during the very long-term follow-up in patients with a history of myocarditis. Future work should focus on an in-depth risk stratification of VT in myocarditis patients.