Evaluating osteoporotic fracture risk with the Fracture Risk Assessment Tool in Chinese patients with rheumatoid arthritis

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Abstract

This study aims to evaluate the discriminative and predictive capacity of the Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX) to determine the 10-year risk of osteoporotic fracture in Chinese rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients.

This study included 168 RA patients and 168 healthy individuals as controls. The Chinese mainland FRAX model was applied to calculate the 10-year risk of osteoporotic fractures, defined as fracture of the spine, forearm, hip, or shoulder.

The incidence of osteoporosis was significantly increased in RA patients compared to controls (P < .05). Bone mineral density (BMD), lumbar vertebra T-score, and femoral neck T-score were significantly lower in RA patients compared to controls (P < .05). BMD, disease duration, DAS28, and glucocorticoid use were important risk factors for osteoporotic fractures in Chinese RA patients. Ten-year osteoporotic fracture risk in Chinese RA patients was higher when BMD was incorporated in FRAX.

There was a higher incidence of osteoporosis and reduced BMD in RA patients compared to controls. The FRAX model should integrate femoral neck BMD with other risk factors to evaluate osteoporotic fracture risk in RA patients, making it a valuable screening tool.

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