PAX1 Methylation as a Potential Biomarker to Predict the Progression of Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia: A Meta-analysis of Related Studies

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Abstract

Objective

The methylation of paired box gene 1 (PAX1) has a great influence on the process of cervical lesion. However, available evidence for the association between PAX1 methylation and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) are inconsistent. Here, we systematically reviewed and analyzed PAX1 methylation in progress of CIN.

Methods

Two investigators independently searched eligible studies of PAX1 methylation and CIN that were published in PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and Web of Science databases until November 30, 2016. We extracted clinicopathologic features of CIN and cervical cancel relevant to PAX1 methylation. Odds ratios (ORs) with their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to assess the association between PAX1 methylation and progression of patients with CIN.

Results

Seven studies composed of 1055 patients with various stages of CIN and cervical cancel were eventually included. The results revealed that PAX1 methylation was associated with transition of CIN I to CIN II/III (OR, 0.09; 95% CI, 0.04–0.19) and CIN II/III to cervical cancer (OR, 0.16; 95% CI, 0.05–0.46), and similar results were produced in sensitivity analysis. Also, we found that the OR value was associated with average age and number of patients, publication year, and study location of included articles.

Conclusions

PAX1 gene methylation was associated with the transition of CIN I to CIN II/III and CIN II/III to cervical cancer, so that it could be an auxiliary biomarker to estimate the risk of CIN progress. Moreover, PAX1 may help to determine appropriate reexaminations and treatment for patients with various stages of CIN.

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