Nodular Sclerodermatous Chronic Cutaneous Graft-Versus-Host Disease (GvHD): A New Clinicopathological Variant of Cutaneous Sclerodermatous GvHD Resembling Nodular/Keloidal Scleroderma

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Abstract

Cutaneous chronic graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) has a broad spectrum of clinicopathological presentations, the most common ones being poikiloderma, lichen planus–like eruptions, lichen sclerosus–like lesions, morphea-like plaques, and deep sclerosis. New forms of chronic cutaneous GvHD with different clinicopathological characteristics have been described, most of them mimicking cutaneous manifestations of autoimmune diseases. We report the case of a 35-year-old man who underwent allogenic stem cell transplantation for a therapy-associated acute myeloid leukemia and developed an acute GvHD with involvement of skin and gastrointestinal tract. He subsequently presented with chronic sclerodermatous cutaneous GvHD, followed by the appearance of indurated erythematous papules and plaques located on his back, resembling the nodular/keloidal form of cutaneous scleroderma on both clinical and histopathological grounds. This peculiar clinicopathologic presentation of chronic cutaneous GvHD was never described previously.

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