Furcation Perforation: Periradicular Tissue Response to Biodentine as a Repair Material by Histopathologic and Indirect Immunofluorescence Analyses

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Abstract

Introduction:

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the in vivo response of periradicular tissues after sealing of furcation perforations with Biodentine, mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), and gutta-percha by means of histopathologic and indirect immunofluorescence analyses.

Methods:

Thirty teeth of 3 dogs were divided into 3 groups: Biodentine (n = 14 teeth), MTA (negative control, n = 10 teeth), and gutta-percha (positive control, n = 6 teeth). After endodontic treatment, perforations were made on the center of the pulp chamber floor and filled with the materials. After 120 days, the animals were killed, and blocks containing the teeth and periradicular tissues were processed histotechnically for histopathologic semiquantitative (new mineralized tissue formation and bone resorption at the perforation site) and quantitative (thickness and area of newly formed mineralized tissue and number of inflammatory cells) analyses and RUNX2 immunofluorescence assay. Data were analyzed by χ2, Fisher exact test, Mann-Whitney test, one-way analysis of variance, Kruskal-Wallis test, and Dunn posttest (α = 0.05).

Results:

MTA and Biodentine induced the formation of significantly more new mineralized tissue (P < .0001) than gutta-percha, which did not induce the formation of mineralized tissue in any case. Complete sealing of the perforations was more frequent with MTA, which formed mineralized tissue with greater thickness and area. Biodentine and MTA exhibited no bone resorption in the furcation region, fewer inflammatory cells, and greater RUNX2 immunostaining intensity than gutta-percha.

Conclusions:

Although MTA presented higher frequency of complete sealing and greater thickness and area of newly formed mineralized tissue, Biodentine also had good histopathologic results and can be considered as an adequate furcation perforation repair material.

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