Etiologies of acute demyelinating optic neuritis: an observational study of 110 patients
AbstractBackground and purpose:
New criteria for the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS) and discovery of myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) or aquaporin-4 (AQP4) antibodies (Abs) have changed the management of optic neuritis (ON). Our aim was to specify, in view of these recent advances, the etiologies of acute demyelinating ON for consecutive patients.Methods:
Retrospective database analysis was undertaken of consecutive adult patients with acute ON admitted from 1 December 2014 to 31 January 2016. Diagnosis of MS was made according to the 2010 McDonald criteria. Patients with Abs to AQP4 or MOG were classified as ON-AQP4 and ON-MOG, respectively. Patients who did not fulfill the diagnostic criteria and were negative for AQP4 and MOG Ab tests were classified as having idiopathic ON.Results:
Of 110 patients assessed, 78 had ON related to MS (70.9%). All patients without MS were tested for AQP4 and MOG Abs: 11 had MOG Ab (10%), 5 had AQP4 Ab (4.5%) and 16 were considered as having idiopathic ON (14.5%). Presence of intrathecal IgG oligoclonal bands was strongly associated with MS (mean, 88.4% vs. 34.4% in patients without MS; after Bonferroni correction, P < 0.0001).Conclusions:
Optic neuritis related to MOG Ab was the second cause identified of demyelinating ON in our center. Idiopathic ON was as frequent as both ON-AQP4 and ON-MOG combined.