Low transfection efficiency and high cytotoxicity of polymeric gene carriers have hampered the application of numerous polycations for gene therapy. To overcome this barrier, a cationic glycoconjugate of kanamycin and di(ethylene glycol) diacrylate was prepared via a facile approach. Nuclear magnetic resonance, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and size exclusion chromatography were employed to investigate the resulting materials. Agarose gel electrophoresis, atomic force microscopy, and circular dichroism spectroscopy were used to record the interaction of the cationic oligomer and plasmid DNA. Finally, the cytotoxicity and transfection efficiency were evaluated by using COS-7 cells. The results indicated that cationic oligomers had been obtained and plasmid DNA was condensed into nanocomplexes, with a high transfection efficiency of the oligomer and a low toxicity in COS-7 cell line. It provided a novel perspective to develop gene carrier, with better safety and greater transfection efficiency, compared to traditional high molecular weight polymers.Graphical abstract
A novel cationic oligomer can be used as a smart gene delivery platform to deliver gene efficiently and safely. It provides a perspective to develop gene carrier comparing to traditional high molecular weight polymers.