Compared Outcomes of Concurrent versus Staged Transoral Robotic Surgery with Neck Dissection

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Abstract

Objective

Outcomes of concurrent versus staged neck dissection with transoral robotic surgery have not been studied. This study compares outcomes of concurrent versus staged transoral robotic surgery and neck dissection.

Design

Retrospective administrative database analysis.

Setting

Article 28 licensed inpatient and outpatient care facilities in New York State.

Subjects/Methods

Adults undergoing transoral robotic surgery with staged or concurrent neck dissection from 2008 to 2014 were identified in the New York Statewide Planning and Research Collaborative System database. We compared complications, readmissions, subsequent procedures, and length of stay for concurrent versus staged procedures with multivariable logistic regression and multiple linear regression models.

Results

Of the 425 patients undergoing transoral robotic surgery and neck dissection, 333 had concurrent procedures, and 92 had staged. Risk-adjusted length of stay for concurrent procedures was 42.3% less than that of staged procedures (P < .0001). Neck dissection timing was not associated with postoperative complications (P = .41), readmissions (P = .67), or additional procedures, including reconstruction, tracheostomy, or gastrostomy (P = .17, .84, .82, respectively). Bleeding (7.8%) was the most common complication, and the majority (78.8%) required reoperation. Bleeding or surgical error was not associated with either concurrent or staged surgery (concurrent vs staged: adjusted odds ratio, 0.68; 95% CI, 0.35-1.37; P = .26).

Conclusions

Concurrent and staged procedures are equivalent with respect to adverse events, but length of stay is shorter for concurrent procedures. Cost and clinical benefits associated with length of stay are unknown, and it is reasonable to allow operator preference and patient factors to determine surgical logistics.

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