Evaluation of recombinant factor VIII Fc (Eloctate) activity by thromboelastometry in a multicenter phase 3 clinical trial and correlation with bleeding phenotype
The aim of this study was to compare the hemostatic efficacy of recombinant factor VIII Fc (rFVIIIFc) (Eloctate) and Advate by ex-vivo rotation thromboelastometry (ROTEM) of whole blood and to explore potential ROTEM parameters that may be more predictive of a patient's bleeding tendency than plasma FVIII activity. Thirteen clinical sites were selected to perform ROTEM on freshly collected blood samples from 44 patients in the phase 3 study for rFVIIIFc, including 16 patients undergoing sequential pharmacokinetic assessment of Advate and rFVIIIFc. Equivalent hemostatic activity was observed for rFVIIIFc and Advate in postinfusion samples, followed by improvements for rFVIIIFc in clotting time, clot formation time and alpha angle (α) for a longer duration than Advate, consistent with the pharmacokinetic improvements reported previously for rFVIIIFc. Our study did not demonstrate a statistical correlation between a patient's ROTEM activity at baseline or at trough and the occurrence of spontaneous bleeds while on prophylactic therapy. However, an association was observed between postinfusion clotting time and the occurrence of one or more spontaneous bleeds vs. no bleeds over a follow-up period of 1 year (P = 0.003). How well a patient's whole blood clotting deficiency is corrected after a dose of FVIII may be an indicator of subsequent bleeding tendency in patients with otherwise equivalent FVIII peak and trough levels. The technical challenges of standardizing the ROTEM, largely overcome in the current study, may however preclude the use of this method for widespread assessment of global hemostasis unless additional assay controls or normalization procedures prove to be effective.