Salmonella enterica: Report of 4 cases, clinical features and therapeutic challenges serovar Panama meningitis in exclusive breastfeeding infants: Report of 4 cases, clinical features and therapeutic challenges

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Abstract

Rationale:

The pathway of Nontyphoid Salmonella meningitis, especially in exclusive breastfeeding infants, has not been well characterized.

Patient concerns:

We analyzed data related to nontyphoid Salmonella meningitis in 4 infants.

Diagnoses:

No diarrhea was observed and the coproculture was negative for all patients.

Interventions:

Early diagnosis and treatment with combination of third-generation cephalosporins plus quinolones for a minimum of 3 weeks is necessary to avoid severe sequelae and death.

Outcomes:

The first 3 patients had a good evolution, whereas the last patient had multiple brain abscesses and hydrocephalus requiring treatment with a ventriculoperitoneal shunt.

Lessons:

The highlights of our study are that all infants were exclusively breastfed, no diarrhea observed and the negative coproculture for all the 4 patients, which is relatively rare for Salmonella infection.

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