Missed polyps are frequently observed in surveillance colonoscopy or referral resection. We evaluated the polyp missing rate and its associated risk factors in patients who were referred to a tertiary hospital for endoscopic resection of advanced colorectal neoplasia.
A total of 388 patients with advanced neoplasia who underwent colonoscopy in their referring hospitals and only endoscopic resection without total colonoscopy in Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital from 2009 to 2014 and who underwent surveillance colonoscopy within 6 to 12 months were retrospectively analyzed.
The per-patient missing rate for polyps, adenomas, and advanced neoplasia in referring hospital were 58.2% (226 cases), 47.2% (183 cases), and 5.7% (22 cases), respectively. The advanced neoplasia in surveillance colonoscopy comprised the following: ≥1 cm lesions (11 cases, 50%), high-grade dysplasia (4 cases, 18.2%), villous adenoma (4 cases, 18.2%), and invasive cancer (3 cases, 13.6%). Risk factors for missed adenomas in multivariate analysis were ≥60 years (P = .004), male (P <.001), and no usage of the cap-assisted colonoscopy (P = .015). Missed polyps/adenomas were most frequent in the ascending colon (P <.001).
The missing rate for polyps/adenomas of referring hospitals was higher than expected. Especially, patients with old age or male, or no usage of cap-assisted colonoscopy on initial colonoscopy were at increased risk of missed adenoma. Careful complete colonoscopy during referral resection or early surveillance colonoscopy is mandatory in the patients with advanced colorectal neoplasia and unknown-quality index colonoscopy.