THREE-DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS OF SUBMACULAR PERFORATING SCLERAL VESSELS BY ENHANCED DEPTH IMAGING OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY
To analyze submacular perforating scleral vessels (PSVs) using enhanced depth imaging spectral domain optical coherence tomography (EDI-SDOCT).Methods:
Twenty-two eyes of 11 healthy women were included in this retrospective study. Central EDI-SDOCT scans (3 × 4.5 × 1.9 mm, 13.5 mm2 scan area) were acquired and postprocessed by denoising, manual sclera segmentation, and PSV investigated by five graders.Results:
Mean age was 22.4 ± 6.2 years. Mean refractive error was −0.44 ± 0.8 diopters. Mean axial length was 23.08 ± 0.63 mm. The coefficient of agreement for grading was good. Mean number of submacular PSVs was 0.33 ± 0.2 per mm2 (range from 0 to 9 per eye). Subfield analysis showed 0.2 ± 0.5 (range 0–2) and 2.1 ± 1.8 (range 0–7) vessels, respectively, for central 1-mm diameter and 3-mm diameter. Quadrant analysis showed 0.7 ± 0.9, 0.5 ± 0.9, 0.3 ± 0.6, and 0.4 ± 0.6 vessels, respectively for superior, inferior, nasal, and temporal quadrants. Total number of PSV showed no significant side difference (median difference 0.5, confidence interval −3.0 to 3.0, P = 0.94) or an influence of axial length (P = 0.16).Conclusion:
This is the first description of three-dimensional EDI-SDOCT visualization of submacular PSV in healthy eyes. This method allows for in vivo imaging of a critical component of outer retinal perfusion at the posterior pole.