Health Maintenance Deficits in a Fully Insured Population of Adolescents With Chronic Medical Conditions
The current national monitoring of routine wellness care and vaccine uptake does not provide data on health maintenance among pediatric populations with chronic medical conditions. In this case-control study that analyzes wellness visits and vaccine uptake among adolescents, ages 16 to 18 years, we identified 938 without (controls) and 74 with (cases) 1 of 12 specific chronic medical conditions. The PPSV23 (23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine) is recommended by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices for these 12 conditions and served as a measure of uptake for medically indicated vaccines. Our controls were twice as likely as cases to have a documented well visit in the past year, and there was a significantly higher proportion of controls than cases vaccinated with Tdap (tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, acellular pertussis), MCV-4 (quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate), and HPV (human papillomavirus), all P < .05. More than 60% of cases failed to receive PPSV23. Adolescents with chronic medical conditions are at high risk of neglecting routine health maintenance.