Improving CPR Performance
Cardiac arrest continues to represent a public health burden with most patients having dismal outcomes. CPR is a complex set of interventions requiring leadership, coordination, and best practices. Despite the widespread adoption of new evidence in various guidelines, the provision of CPR remains variable with poor adherence to published recommendations. Key steps health-care systems can take to enhance the quality of CPR and, potentially, to improve outcomes, include optimizing chest compressions, avoiding hyperventilation, encouraging intraosseous access, and monitoring capnography. Feedback devices provide instantaneous guidance to the rescuer, improve rescuer technique, and could impact patient outcomes. New technologies promise to improve the resuscitation process: mechanical devices standardize chest compressions, capnography guides resuscitation efforts and signals the return of spontaneous circulation, and intraosseous devices minimize interruptions to gain vascular access. This review aims at identifying a discreet group of interventions that health-care systems can use to raise their standard of cardiac resuscitation.