Relationship Between Caregiving Burden and Anger Level in Primary Caregivers of Individuals With Chronic Mental Illness
The objective of this study was answer to the question: to what extent are the anger of the caregivers of patients diagnosed with schizophrenia and their perceived level of burden are related?METHOD:
The study is a descriptive and correlational study. The information form prepared by the researchers which questions the socio-demographic information of the individuals along with the “Caregiving Burden Inventory” which examines the burden of the caregiver as well as “Trait Anger and Anger Expression Style Scale (TAAES)” which determines the anger levels of the caregivers were used.RESULTS:
The caregiving burdens of the caregivers according to the score averages were determined as 11.88 ± 9.78 for time and dependency burden, 11.93 ± 8.46 for developmental burden, 8.47 ± 6.63 for physical burden, 5.61 ± 5.26 for social burden, 6.29 ± 5.25 for emotional burden and the total burden score was determined as 44.19 ± 26.75. According to the trait anger and anger expression style scale score averages; trait anger was determined as 15.12 ± 5.95, anger expression as 9.70 ± 3.43, anger-in as 15.22 ± 4.02, anger control as 28.05 ± 5.57 and anger total score average as 68.11 ± 9.97.CONCLUSION:
According to the results obtained from this study, caregivers of schizophrenia patients experience developmental, physical, social and emotional burdens in addition to trait anger. The caregivers of schizophrenia patients need knowledge and support in order to control the burden and the anger they experience during the caregiving process.