Effects of Spiritual Group Therapy on Caregiver Strain in Home Caregivers of the Elderly with Alzheimer's Disease
Care of patients with Alzheimer's disease is one of the most difficult types of care that exposes the caregiver to a high level of care strain. The present research aimed at determining the effect of spiritual care on caregiver strain of the elderly with Alzheimer's disease.METHODS:
An experimental study was carried out on 100 caregivers who were selected by convenience sampling and randomly divided into intervention, control one and control two groups. Group spiritual therapy was performed on the intervention group for five weeks, Control one participate in the group sessions without any particular interventions, and control two received no interventions. Data was collected through a demographic questionnaire and Robinson's (1983) Caregiver Strain Index, and analyzed using the Chi-square, Fisher's Exact test, one-way analysis of variance and paired t-test. Statistical significance level was considered as 0.05.RESULTS:
In the intervention group mean of the posttest care strain score 32.43 ± 2.73 was significantly lower than pretest 37.16 ± 1.26 (P < 0.001). The mean posttest score of care strain was significantly lower in the intervention group compared to the two other groups (P < 0.001).CONCLUSION:
Spiritual care can reduce care strain in home caregivers of the elderly with Alzheimer's disease.