Midterm Outcomes of Pharmacomechanical Thrombectomy in the Treatment of Lower Extremity Deep Vein Thrombosis With a Rotational Thrombectomy Device

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Abstract

Background:

The purpose of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy with midterm outcomes of pharmacomechanical thrombectomy (PMT) performed by using a relatively new thrombectomy device in the treatment of lower extremity deep vein thrombosis (DVT).

Methods:

Between February 2014 and February 2016, a total of 46 patients with lower extremity DVT were treated with PMT by using Cleaner rotational thrombectomy system. Preprocedural, intraprocedural, postprocedural, and follow-up records of patients were collected and retrospectively analyzed.

Results:

Mean age of patients was 50.5 (14.8) years, and 58.7% of them were female. Technical success rate of procedure was 91.3%. Mean procedure time was 81.8 (40.3) minutes. Early clinical improvement was observed in all patients with successful treatment. No serious adverse event related to procedure and mortality was observed. Mean follow-up time was 16.0 (7.9) months. Reocclusion was observed in 7 (17.5%) patients during the follow-up period. Venous patency rates of patients at 1-, 3-, 6-, and 12-month follow-up visits were 95%, 92.5%, 89.7%, and 79.5%, respectively. Mild, moderate, and severe postthrombotic syndrome were observed in 8 (20%) patients, 4 (10%) patients, and 1 (2.5%) patient, respectively. Postthrombotic syndrome–free survival rate was 67.5%.

Conclusion:

Cleaner rotational thrombectomy system appears to be safe and effective in the treatment of lower extremity DVT. Further larger randomized studies are needed to determine the long-term outcomes of this treatment modality.

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