Global longitudinal strain predicts outcome after MitraClip implantation for secondary mitral regurgitation

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Abstract

Aim

The aim of this study was to assess preoperative determinants, prevalence, and prognostic impact of left ventricular (LV) reverse remodeling (LVRR) in patients with secondary mitral regurgitation (SMR), undergoing MitraClip implantation (MCi).

Methods

From March 2012 to January 2015, a total of 41 consecutive patients with moderate-to-severe SMR treated successfully with MCi were enrolled. All patients underwent clinical and echocardiographic follow-up after MCi. Global longitudinal strain (GLS) was obtained using two dimensional speckle tracking analysis. A reduction in LV end-systolic volume more than 10% compared with baseline was considered as a marker of LVRR. Patients were divided into two groups according to the presence or absence of LVRR. Cardiac events were defined as the occurrence of cardiac death, rehospitalization for worsening heart failure, and mitral valve surgery.

Results

On univariable analysis, EuroSCORE II and GLS were associated with LVRR. On multivariable logistic regression analysis, GLS was the only independent correlate of LVRR (P = 0.004). A receiver operating characteristic curve identified a cutoff value for GLS of −9.25% (P < 0.001) associated with LVRR, with a sensitivity and specificity of 81 and 74%, respectively. New York Heart Failure Association class more than 2 after MCi, absence of LVRR after MCi, and preoperative GLS more than −9.25% were significantly correlated with adverse cardiac events at long-term follow-up. On multivariable logistic regression analysis, GLS was the only independent predictor of composite adverse cardiac events at 2-year follow-up.

Conclusion

A worse preoperative GLS predicts no LVRR and is associated with adverse long-term outcome after successful MCi for SMR.

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