STEMI could be the primary presentation of acute aortic dissection

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Stanford type A aortic dissection (TAAD) may lead to coronary artery occlusion and malfunction. However, TAAD manifesting as acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) has not been studied. In the present study, we reported 8 TAAD cases with STEMI as the primary presentation, and analyzed their clinical characteristics and outcome.


The records were reviewed for patients admitted to the large comprehensive university hospital for PCI due to STEMI from January 1, 2002 to January 1, 2017.


The incidence of STEMI secondary to TAAD in our center was 0.51% (8/1,576). A total of 5 patients underwent urgent coronary angiography (CAG) without awareness of TAAD. Compression at the ostium of right coronary artery (RCA) was found in 2 patients, dissected flap of RCA in 1 patient, and heterogeneous filling and false lumen in RCA in 1 patient. Three of these 5 patients received surgery and survived. One patient accepted urgent RCA stenting because of cardiogenic shock and died after refusal of surgical therapy and failure of medical treatment. Another 2 patients received thrombolytic therapy died prior to CAG. Thus, the total in-hospital mortality was 37.5% (3/8).


TAAD presenting as STEMI was a rare condition that predominantly involved RCA. A quick and correct clinical diagnosis of STEMI caused by TAAD prior to invasive procedure would be important. Urgent CAG without awareness of TAAD could provide important information for a timely diagnosis. High level of suspicion and awareness is the key to establishing the diagnosis and achieving optimal clinical outcome.

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