Enhanced expression of proteins involved in energy production and transfer in breast muscle of pedigree male broilers exhibiting high feed efficiency
In cells with fluctuating energy demand (e.g., skeletal muscle), a transfer system of proteins across the inner and outer mitochondrial membranes links mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation to cytosolic phosphorylated creatine (PCr) that serves as a phosphate reservoir for rapid repletion of cytosolic adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Crucial proteins of this energy transfer system include several creatine kinase (CK) isoforms found in the cytosol and mitochondria. In a recent proteomic study (Kong et al., 2016), several components of this system were up-regulated in high feed efficiency (FE) compared to low FE breast muscle; notably adenine nucleotide translocase (ANT), voltage dependent activated channel (VDAC), the brain isoform of creatine kinase (CK-B), and several proteins of the electron transport chain. Reexamination of the original proteomic dataset revealed that the expression of two mitochondrial CK isoforms (CKMT1A and CKMT2) had been detected but were not recognized by the bioinformatics program used by Kong et al. (2016a). The CKMT1A isoform was up-regulated (7.8-fold, P = 0.05) in the high FE phenotype but there was no difference in CKMT2 expression (1.1-fold, P = 0.59). From these findings, we hypothesize that enhanced expression of the energy production and transfer system in breast muscle of the high FE pedigree broiler male could be fundamentally important in the phenotypic expression of feed efficiency.